The Dhofar region is located in the southwest of the Sultanate of Oman and is one of nine administrative districts of the country.
Around 400.00 inhabitants are living here on an area of 99,300 square kilometers. In Dhofar Arabic is spoken by the majority today. In addition, there are several dialects such as “Jabali”. But due to the high number of foreigners English is also widely used. In contrast to the prevailing Ibadism in the rest of Oman, Salalahs residents are traditionally Sunni.
The region is bordered to the north by the province of al- Sharqiyah Saudi Arabia and to the west by the province al - Mahra Yemen.
The landscape that is surrounding the Dhofarregion is rather similar to that of neighboring Yemen as the rest of the Sultanate. In the east it borders the region al - Wusta in Oman and to the south by the Arabian Sea. The area of the Dhofarregion covers almost one third of the Sultanate .
Salalah is the capital of the Governorate Dhofar and is located on the Arabian Sea in an intensively farmed coastal plain at the foot of the Dhofar Mountains that slope towards the north to the desert Al Rub al -Khali.
To the east is the Rimal Al Wahiba. The two deserts make up the largest part of the administrative district, but rather belong geographically to the interior.
The Salalah region is famous for frankincense, camels, tourist attractions and the seasonal weather, locally known as 'Khareef ‘ or monsoon. In this special time of the year, you will be a witness of lush greenery, spread over all the hills that are covered by a white fog. Light rain cools the air.
Salalah has a distinctive natural diversity, where the coast is united with the mountains and the desert in wonderful harmony.
The Dhofar Mountains rise to a height of 2,200 meters and drop into a shallow beach level, stretching for hundreds of kilometers. The summit of the mountain thereby form no chain, but rather a plateau.
The fertile coastal plain around Salalah, the coastal mountains and the immediately following hinterland of mountains is counted to the historic land of frankincense.
In this area, the frankincense tree finds its natural habitat. The coastal people have, because of the mountains, only a few opportunities to farm, and have therefore focused mainly on fishing.
Only the capital region is climatically favored by the Khareef. The level and the seaward slopes of the Dhofar Mountains can be used for agriculture.
In recent years, the desert of Dhofar became a finding site of meteorites, from which some are already there for thousands of years, but were preserved by the dryness .